lead-based paint poisoning
Home Lead Hazards
it's not curable but it is preventable
Lead Hazards in the Home
Lead can be found in paint, dust, soil, water pipes, food, workplaces, and hobby materials. But of all the possible sources, lead from chipped and peeling lead-based paint in, on, and around our homes is the greatest source of lead poisoning.
Paint applied before 1978 very likely contained now-banned lead additives. Those older painted surfaces today that are chipping or peeling are particularly hazardous. Windows, doorframes, steps, porches and other friction areas where chipped paint is likely to be found are also of great concern. Children are at higher risk because they are on the ground and may get dust on their hands and put their hands in their mouth.
You should know that there are federal requirements related to pre-1978 homes and there are steps one can take to live lead-safe, even in an older home. Please read on for further information and resources.
What Landlords Don't Know About Lead
FHCO surveyed over 500 landlords to assess lead awareness. Seventy-three percent indicated they owned or managed pre-1978 properties (over 9700 individual units, in fact) and almost all (91%) knew that lead was highly dangerous, especially for young children. However, far fewer knew other important information about lead in housing:
Read the rest of the article here (PDF) "LEAD: What Landlords Don't Know"
How Does this Relate to Fair Housing:
Federal, state and local fair housing laws make it illegal to discriminate in the rental, sale, , appraisal or financing, insuring, building and construction or the land use regulations, zoning and advertising of housing.
Lead Disclosure Requirements:
For a conscise flyer on "Lead Requirements for Housing Providers" visit www.FHCO.org/pdfs/lead_reqs_for_hs_provs.pdf
For an updated article on a 2011 mandatory revision of the Renovate Right Brochure visit www.FHCO.org/pdfs/lead_renovate_brochure_revised2011.pdf
If you have lead questions call the LeadLine at 503/988-4000. If you have fair housing questions contact us at information@FHCO.org or 800/424-3247 Ext. 2.
When is lead a risk?
What can I do to make my property lead safe?
Call the LeadLine at 503-988-4000 and talk to a certified lead risk assessor about the following free services (free within, at least, the Bull Run Water District):
Six Tips to Protect Children from Lead Poisoning
Did You Know that Trendy Salvaged Building Materials May Pose a Risk?
People should think twice and ask about lead paint when they buy old building components. Anyone that works with older building components or antique furniture, even with the original paint is not visible, should be aware that lead can cause serious and incurable physiological damage. Although the sale of lead-based paint was banned in 1978, it remains in about 24 million homes according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. According to Rebecca Morley, executive director of the National Center for Healthy Housing, “We estimate that each year, renovation and painting work exposes 1.1 million children to the risk of lead poisoning.
In addition to lead-based paint on the walls or salvaged pieces brought into the home, it has been determined that about 75% of pre-1978 bathtubs have lead in their glaze and that about 40% of these tubs will have measurable levels of lead dust when dust samples are collected from the surface of the glaze. Older claw foot tubs, like well-appointed front doors, are another popular retro salvage yard item.
Read the rest of the article here (PDF) and learn more about Lead in Demolition Debris from the State of Washington's Dept. of Ecology.
What About Lead in Water?
While the greatest risk for lead poisoning comes from lead-based paint, exposure to lead through drinking water is possible if materials in a building’s plumbing contain lead. The level of lead in water can increase when water stands in contact with lead-based solder and brass faucets containing lead.
In the Portland area, houses and buildings built between 1970-1985 are most likely to have lead solder in the plumbing. Many water providers offer free lead in water testing for their customers. Call the LeadLine at 503-988-4000 to see if you are eligible for a free water test.
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